Question: Is a fragmented disk after cloning or after backup and restore still fragmented on the target disk?
If there is too many fragments in the source disk, you cannot do the operation sucessfully. So you need to defragment first.
But if there are not too many fragments and the operation continues will the existing fragmentation be gone? Just like a copy from one disk to another?
No, the software cannot handle the fragment. It is the same with the source disk.